Residency in General Surgery, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA
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With a history dating back as far as ancient Egyptian culture, inguinal hernia repair is now one of the most commonly performed general surgical procedures in practice. The introduction of a laparoscopic technique has sparked a debate in the literature over the superiority of this method versus open repair. In this article, we examine the advantages and disadvantages of these two approaches in inguinal hernia repair.
Since evidence in the literature does not point to either the laparoscopic or open approaches the clear superior procedure, surgeon preference and circumstantial influences will probably continue to dictate the approach employed in inguinal hernia repair.