Centre of Excellence for Science, Seafood and Health, Curtin University, GPO Box U1987, Perth, 6845, Western Australia
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There is a substantial amount of evidence to support the role of long chain omega-3 fatty acids in the maintenance of optimal health and in the prevention of chronic disease. While many chronic conditions are not gender specific, there are emerging Âstudies based on cohorts of women, specifically relevant to women’s health. Additionally, maternal and infant consumption of long chain omega-3 fatty acids as a part of a healthy and balanced diet can have lifelong effects on health outcomes. This review is a comprehensive look at research into the health benefits of long chain omega-3 fatty acids on women’s health. Research on female cohorts and that relating to issues specific to women’s health are reviewed.
Research shows clear benefits to women’s health from consumption of the marine sourced long chain omega-3 fatty acids. Evidence pertains to reductions in all-cause morbidity, coronary heart and cardiovascular disease, mental health including depression, dementia and Alzheimer’s disease, polycystic ovarian syndrome, dysmenorrhoea and infant cognitive development.