As in all things clarity and precision is required in order to allow the reader to make as unbiased assessment as possible of published work. This includes the citation of previous works, others work and precedents upon which the presented work is based.
Plagiarism is regarded as the misrepresentation of others ideas or expressions as one's own original work. Plagiarism has uncertain limits. Whilst plagiarism is not a crime it can involve liability for copyright infringement and may be considered a moral offence.
As with all morality these concepts are based upon the Vox Populare which is currently trending and may change as society changes. Modern technology is now available to detect possible plagiarism which an author may use before submitting a manuscript. Detection software does not always differentiate paraphrasing (which may be acceptable) from plagiarism, it is in the interests of traditional publishing houses to deem all as plagiarism in order to protect their revenue through the guise of moral crusade.
OA Publishing London feels adequate referencing is very important to ensure that manuscripts are not deemed to be plagiarised. The author(s) must take and undertake by the process of submission full liability for the manuscript they submit.
Sanctions for plagiarism, duplicate publication and citation manipulation may include:-