(1) Queen Alexandra Hospital, Portsmouth, United Kingdom
(2) North Hampshire Hospital, Basingstoke, United Kingdom
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The superficial peroneal nerve gives motor supply to the lateral lower leg muscle compartment and innervates the dorsolateral aspect of the ankle and foot. The current article reviews the anatomy and surgical relevance of the superficial peroneal nerve with regards to common orthopaedic lower limb procedures.
Evidence shows the anatomy of this nerve can be highly variable. Knowledge of the differing course of the superficial peroneal nerve is essential to reduce the risk of iatrogenic injury during orthopaedic foot and ankle surgery.