For citation purposes: Merolla G. Shoulder replacement in advanced glenohumeral osteoarthritis: current concepts review. OA Orthopaedics 2013 Jun 19;1(1):7.

Review

 
Surgical Procedures

Shoulder replacement in advanced glenohumeral osteoarthritis: current concepts review

G Merolla
 

Authors affiliations

Unit of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery, D. Cervesi Hospital, Via L. V. Beethowen 46, Cattolica, Italy

*Corresponding author Emails: giovannimerolla@hotmail.com; giovanni.merolla@auslrn.net

Abstract

Introduction

Osteoarthritis of the glenohumeral joint is a source of severe pain and disability. Furthermore, shoulder osteoarthritis is frequently associated with tear or atrophy of the rotator cuff that only gets worse over time. Shoulder arthroplasty gives satisfactory results, restoring shoulder function as well as improving patient’s quality of life. In this article, we have reviewed the biomechanics, surgical technique and results of anatomical and reverse shoulder arthroplasty.

Conclusion

Shoulder arthroplasty remains the gold standard treatment for advanced shoulder osteoarthritis of the glenohumeral joint. However, surgeons who intend to approach this type of surgery should be aware of the need for an accurate preoperative selection of both the patient and the type of implant and a thorough understanding of potential complications that may arise during implantation and postoperatively.

Licensee OA Publishing London 2013. Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY)