(1) UCLA School of Nursing, 700 Tiverton Avenue, University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA 90095
(2) UCLA Center for Human Nutrition, David Geffen School of Medicine,900 Veteran Ave, Box 95-1742, University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA 90095
*Corresponding author Email:
Prevalence of osteoporosis is dramatically increasing. While adequate calcium and vitamin D intake combined with weight-bearing exercise is recommended throughout life to prevent osteoporosis, the adolescent growth period is increasingly recognised as a critical time period when future osteoporosis risk is established. The review focuses on adolescent patterns of calcium consumption in relationship to future osteoporosis risk.
Dietary changes in adolescents promoting soda consumption at the expense of dairy products may underlie the increase in osteoporosis prevalence. Prevention efforts among female adolescents need to focus on reducing soda and increasing dairy consumption, promoting wider usage of calcium and vitamin D supplementation, and expanding calcium fortification of foods that are frequently consumed by adolescents.