For citation purposes: Grunfeld R, Aydogan U, Juliano P, Bustillo J. Ankle arthritis: Diagnosis and conservative management. OA Musculoskeletal Medicine 2013 Dec 20;1(4):32.

Review

 
Diagnosis

Ankle arthritis: diagnosis and conservative management

R Grunfeld, U Aydogan, P Juliano, J Bustillo
 

Authors affiliations

Penn State College of Medicine, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, Pennsylvania, USA

*Corresponding author Email: rgrunfeld@hmc.psu.edu; uaydogan@hmc.psu.edu; pjuliano@hmc.psu.edu; jbustillo@hmc.psu.edu

Abstract

Introduction

The ankle joint is the most commonly injured joint in the body and absorbs more force per square centimetre than any other joint. However, the incidence of ankle arthritis is nine times less common than symptomatic arthritis in the knee and hip. This paper reviews ankle arthritis.

Discussion

Post-traumatic arthritis is the most common form of ankle osteoarthritis. The most current literature on the diagnosis and non-surgical management of ankle arthritis, including physical examination, radiographic parameters, advanced imaging and treatment modalities are reviewed.

Conclusion

This paper gives an overview of the most recent literature to assist physicians in the diagnosis and non-surgical management of ankle osteoarthritis

Licensee OA Publishing London 2013. Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY)
Keywords