Biolcnet: Reward-Modulated Locally Connected Spiking Neural Networks
Recent studies have shown that convolutional neural networks (CNNs) are not the only feasible solution for image classification. Furthermore, weight sharing and backpropagation used in CNNs do not correspond to the mechanisms present in the biological visual system. To propose a more biologically plausible solution, we designed a reward modulated locally connected spiking neural network (SNN) trained using spike-timing-dependent plasticity (STDP) and its reward-modulated variant (R-STDP) learning rules.
The use of spiking neurons and local connections along with reinforcement learning (RL) led us to the nomenclature BioLCNet for our proposed architecture. Our network consists of a rate-coded input layer followed by a locally connected hidden layer and a decoding output layer. A spike population-based voting scheme is adopted for decoding in the output layer. We used the MNIST dataset to obtain image classification accuracy and to assess the robustness of our rewarding system to varying target responses.