• Spirituality
  • Medicine
  • Technology
  • Astronomy
  • Sociology
  • History
  • Open Access
  • News

Daily Multivitamins May Decrease Cognitive Aging In Elderly Persons

According to a new long-term, large-scale study, taking daily multivitamins may decrease cognitive aging in elderly persons. Adults over the age of 65 who took a daily multivitamin for three years showed improvements in cognitive and memory performance, according to a clinical experiment with over 2,000 participants.

The study's findings represent the first large, long-term trial suggesting that a multivitamin can improve cognition in older adults, according to the authors, who noted that more research is needed to confirm their findings in a more diverse cohort and to identify the mechanisms behind the potential benefit. The study was published on September 14 in Alzheimer's & Dementia.

According to study author Laura Baker, a gerontologist at Wake Forest University:

“We are excited because our findings have uncovered a new avenue for investigation - for a simple, accessible, safe, inexpensive intervention that could have the potential to provide a layer of protection against cognitive decline.”

"It's too soon to make these suggestions," the author continues, explaining that the results do not mean that older persons should begin taking multivitamins to maintain their cognitive health.

No participants in the study of 2,262 people aged 64 to 100 years old showed any signs of cognitive impairment, so the researchers randomly assigned them to one of four groups: one took a daily multivitamin plus a dose of cocoa extract containing flavonoids; another took only the cocoa supplement; a third took only the multivitamin; and the fourth took only a placebo.

As the source notes, nearly 90% of the study's participants were white, although the study was performed as a so-called pragmatic trial in which researchers examined participants' cognitive ability annually by mail and phone.

After three years, individuals who took multivitamins had much better scores on tests of brain function compared to those who took only cocoa extract. People with a history of cardiovascular illness may have shown greater gains in test scores due to the documented connection between cardiovascular health and cognitive function.

According to Jeff Kaye, who directs Oregon Health & Science University’s aging and Alzheimer’s center and was not part of the study:

“You could score a point better when you take the test a year later, and it’s statistically significant. But does that translate into anything meaningful in a person’s life?”

The researchers examined the groups' changes in brain function over three years to evaluate the therapeutic implications of their findings and discovered that the multivitamins appeared to slow cognitive aging by 1.8 years, or 60%. But the authors admit that their estimate is based on a "imprecise yardstick," therefore they say it needs more study.

To further explore the underlying processes through which multivitamins may reduce the risk of cognitive decline, the researchers are planning a future trial with more varied people. “There are multiple pieces of that puzzle that throughout life may be contributing to that risk in later life,” Baker stated. “This is a piece of that puzzle. But it is a complex puzzle.”

Conclusion

According to Maria C. Carrillo, Ph.D., Alzheimer’s Association chief science officer:

“This is the first positive, large-scale, long-term study to show that multivitamin-mineral supplementation for older adults may slow cognitive aging. While the Alzheimer’s Association is encouraged by these results, we are not ready to recommend widespread use of a multivitamin supplement to reduce risk of cognitive decline in older adults.”

“Independent confirmatory studies are needed in larger, more diverse study populations. It is critical that future treatments and preventions are effective in all populations.”

“For now, and until there is more data, people should talk with their health care providers about the benefits and risks of all dietary supplements, including multivitamins.”

“We envision a future where there are multiple treatments and risk reduction strategies available that address cognitive aging and dementia in multiple ways - like heart disease and cancer - and that can be combined into powerful combination therapies… in conjunction with brain-healthy guidelines for lifestyle factors like diet and physical activity.”

Recent Articles

  • Daytime Eating Could Improve Benefit Mental Health - New Study On Meal Timing Finds

    Daytime Eating Could Improve Benefit Mental Health - New Study On Meal Timing Finds

    Researchers have devised research to examine the impacts of day and night eating vs. day eating just, all while simulating the consequences of night work. They found that daytime eating could improve mental health.

  • Action23 - Overview Of The Best Website For Online Sport Betting

    Action23 - Overview Of The Best Website For Online Sport Betting

    Action23 is a worldwide service that provides a variety of online sportsbooks and casinos. Customers of the registered agencies get player support and betting services via the site, which operates as a middleman between the parties.

  • Taurus And Cancer Compatibility Indicate Financial Stability

    Taurus And Cancer Compatibility Indicate Financial Stability

    Regarding Taurus and Cancer compatibility, they get along really well. Taurus wants a partner who is consistent and reliable, and Cancer is that kind of partner. Cancer encourages Taurus to open up more freely because it is a fixed earth sign. The partnership has emotional depth, and both people support one another.

  • NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope Captured Orion Nebula - New Images Reveal How A Star Is Born

    NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope Captured Orion Nebula - New Images Reveal How A Star Is Born

    The James Webb Space Telescope captured Orion Nebula photographs showing its inner section, often known as the "picture book of star creation." The stellar nursery is located 1,350 light-years from Earth in the constellation Orion. According to a press release, the photos were taken as part of the Early Release Science initiative and a PDRs4All partnership involving more than 100 scientists from 18 countries.

  • How Payment Processing Technology Is Facilitating Financial Transactions In The UK

    How Payment Processing Technology Is Facilitating Financial Transactions In The UK

    Payment processing technology is enabling UK businesses to accept payments from customers in a manner that is quick, easy and convenient while ensuring verification measures are also enforced to facilitate safe transactions on the Internet.

  • Virgo And Capricorn Compatibility - Understanding And Regard

    Virgo And Capricorn Compatibility - Understanding And Regard

    When Virgo and Capricorn first meet, they get along right away. Between these two earth signs, there is an intuitive sense of understanding and regard. Virgo and Capricorn compatibility is so flexible and strong. They are attracted to each other's realism, tenacity, and resolve. Because of their initial connection, Virgo and Capricorn have a strong foundation from which to successfully construct a variety of partnerships.

  • Dream About Being Shot - Meaning And Interpretation

    Dream About Being Shot - Meaning And Interpretation

    You want to become completely different from who you formerly were and to put your past behind you. A dream about being shot suggests that you are focused on accomplishing a certain goal and have one in mind. A Dream about being shot with a gun in a dream represents your active control and unspoken wrath towards this individual.

  • Scientists Have Found A Planet With A Potential 3,158 Years Life Expectancy

    Scientists Have Found A Planet With A Potential 3,158 Years Life Expectancy

    Scientists have discovered a potentially habitable planet with a life expectancy of 3,158 years, 100 light years away from Earth. An international group of researchers, lead by astronomer Laetitia Delrez, has found evidence of the existence of two planets in the orbit that revolves around the star TOI-4306.

  • What Are Angel Numbers? The Secret You Don't Know

    What Are Angel Numbers? The Secret You Don't Know

    Angel numbers are made up of a sequence of numerals that repeat themselves. Different people answer differently about what are angel numbers? Some individuals believe that if you start seeing the same sequence of numbers in multiple locations, it's a divine message from the cosmos, God, or whatever force you believe in.