Crypto Regulation - What Is Its Current State Globally?
Governments across the globe are looking at methods for crypto regulation as it evolves from a speculative investment to a new asset class. The global adoption of cryptocurrencies has coincided with the establishment of a slew of legislation designed to control their use.
It's difficult to keep up with the ever-changing crypto scene and the varying regulations in various countries across the world. Global crypto asset regulation policies have been mostly inconsistent. While some nations have already passed crypto asset laws, others are still in the process of crafting their own versions.
The ensuing disjointed global reaction does nothing to ensure a fair playing field or prevent crypto actors from fleeing to the most lax regulatory countries in an effort to gain an advantage. With the announcement of these principles, the Financial Stability Board hopes to standardize the regulatory framework for stablecoins throughout the world. The efforts of other standard-setters to apply concepts for financial market infrastructures to critically essential stablecoin arrangements show that this trend will continue.
Cryptocurrencies: how regulators lost control | FT Film
COPYRIGHT_OAPL: Published on https://www.oapublishinglondon.com/haha/crypto-regulation/ by Suleman Shah on 2022-11-06T13:14:00.371Z
The United States established a new framework in 2022, paving the way for further regulation of the industry. With this new order in place, the SEC and CFTC now have more authority to regulate the financial markets. Whether or not cryptocurrencies may be categorized as securities will depend on the result of the SEC's lawsuit against Ripple Labs and its attempts to regulate crypto exchanges.
By the end of February 2023, Treasury will have finished an illegal finance risk assessment of decentralized finance, and by July 2023, Treasury will have finished an evaluation of non-fungible tokens. Federal Reserve officials have already expressed concern about the potential systemic concerns posed by stablecoins. After the collapse of the Terra stablecoin in 2022, which lost investors $60 billion, this issue is expected to get more attention.
To be used in the process of establishing an heir's share of an estate, cryptocurrencies in China are considered property. Because of concerns that they enable unregulated public funding, the People's Bank of China (PBOC) has banned cryptocurrency exchanges inside its borders.
In accordance with the Payment Services Act (PSA), the Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS) has begun regulating cryptocurrency exchanges in Singapore as of January 1, 2018. The MAS has published guidelines urging companies offering digital payment tokens (DPTs) not to advertise their offerings to the general public.
Numerous Bitcoin exchange-traded funds (ETFs) are now listed on the Toronto Stock Exchange, making Canada the first jurisdiction in the world to do so. In Canada, crypto investment companies are considered money service businesses (MSBs), and as such, must be registered with the Financial Transactions and Reports Analysis Centre of Canada (FINTRAC).
Beginning on August 30, 2022, crypto exchanges and custodial wallet providers are obligated to follow the OFSI's reporting requirements. Cryptocurrency trading earnings are still subject to capital gains tax for investors, although the extent to which they are taxable depends on the nature of the activity and the identity of the party involved.
Exchanges in Japan are required to register with the Financial Services Agency (FSA) and adhere to anti-money laundering and counter-financing of terrorism regulations. To stop criminals from exploiting cryptocurrency exchanges as money launderers, the government issued new remittance laws in September 2022. Profits made from trading cryptocurrencies are considered "miscellaneous income" and subject to taxation in Japan.
To do business in Australia, cryptocurrency exchanges must register with the Australian Transaction Reports and Analysis Centre (AUSTRAC) and adhere to anti-money laundering and counter-terrorist financing regulations. Australia's securities regulator, ASIC, has outlawed "privacy coin" exchanges and made it illegal for companies to advertise themselves as accepting them.
Considering that it is banks that the Federal Reserve oversees, it follows that the cryptocurrency reserves of US banks are the only ones subject to its scrutiny. The leading financial regulator in the United States is weighing whether or not to approve the introduction of a Central Bank Digital Currency (CBDC), a cryptocurrency pegged to the dollar.
It didn't take long for the Financial Action Task Force to go to work on a universal framework for the industry of providing services related to virtual assets. Additionally, the International Organization of Securities Commissions (IOSCO) has published guidelines for the oversight of cryptocurrency trading platforms.
In the United States, trading cryptocurrencies is legal and is subject to oversight under the Bank Secrecy Act (BSA).
The longer crypto regulation takes, the greater the risk that national authorities will get mired in incompatible regulatory systems. The International Monetary Fund is pushing for a worldwide response that is organized, coordinated, and complete.