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Medicine - Page 5

  • Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor - How Does It Affect Chronic Kidney Disease?

    Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor - How Does It Affect Chronic Kidney Disease?

    The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) is a basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor that binds to different endogenous and xenobiotic ligands that control its stability, transcriptional activity, and cell signaling. Chronic kidney disease is strongly linked to AHR activity at all stages.

  • Pulmonary Edema - Mechanisms And Treatment In COVID-19 Patients

    Pulmonary Edema - Mechanisms And Treatment In COVID-19 Patients

    Pulmonary edema is caused by an imbalance between the way lung tissue fluid is made and how it flows back out of the lungs. This leads to a large amount of tissue fluid being absorbed by the lungs' lymph and veins. The fluid leaks into the interstitial space of the lungs and builds up there.

  • Probiotics - What Effects Do They Have On Our Health?

    Probiotics - What Effects Do They Have On Our Health?

    In the world of nutrition, probiotics are a popular topic—and for good reason. Probiotic-rich meals, drinks, and supplements can be advantageous for human health, particularly when it comes to promoting digestive health and a strong immune system. However, there is some misunderstanding as to who they are and what they can and cannot accomplish.

  • Heart Failure - Analyzing New Drug Therapies

    Heart Failure - Analyzing New Drug Therapies

    Even though the death rate from cardiovascular (CV) disease has gone down a lot in the last few decades, it is still the leading cause of death in some countries. Even though CV medicines caused more people to have chronic CV problems like heart failure (HF), they also helped people with CV disease live longer.

  • Taxus Wallichiana Zucc. (Himalayan Yew) - Effects Of Its Anti-Microbial And Pharmacological Properties

    Taxus Wallichiana Zucc. (Himalayan Yew) - Effects Of Its Anti-Microbial And Pharmacological Properties

    The Taxus wallichiana Zucc., (Himalayan Yew) is a small to medium-sized evergreen tree that reaches heights of 10 to 20 meters. In exceptional cases, it can grow up to 28 m tall. Flat, deep green leaves with a spiral arrangement are present on the stem. T. wallichiana is found to have a wide growth range in Asia, extending from Afghanistan through the Himalayas to the Philippines, depending on taxonomic treatment.

  • Bioactive Peptides - Its Application In Pharmacy

    Bioactive Peptides - Its Application In Pharmacy

    Several bioactive peptides have been found to originate from food-derived macro-biomolecules (such as lipids, proteins, and carbohydrate polymers), but protein-derived biomolecules are the most varied and well-researched. According to ancient Chinese literature, food and medicine share a common ancestor. The intimate connection between nutrition and health has been supported and furthered by centuries of research.

  • The Human Retina - Intrinsically Photosensitive Ganglion Cells In The Retina

    The Human Retina - Intrinsically Photosensitive Ganglion Cells In The Retina

    In recent years, there has been a rise in public awareness of the impacts of light on health, especially the harmful ones that might result from improper timing of light delivery. Nighttime lighting, also known as "light pollution," is becoming increasingly hazardous to both the environment and human health. Even very small amounts of light from phones, tablets, and other devices that give off light can make it hard to sleep.

  • Gliomas - The Effects Of Advanced Imaging Techniques

    Gliomas - The Effects Of Advanced Imaging Techniques

    Gliomas are the most frequent primary brain tumors, which have a range of prognoses based on their grade and genetic makeup. Patients often undergo imaging testing, frequently an MRI scan, which identifies the neoplastic lesion in patients who first come with seizures and/or a localized neurological disability.

  • Bone Tissue Engineering - Why Is Hierarchical Scaffolds Needed?

    Bone Tissue Engineering - Why Is Hierarchical Scaffolds Needed?

    Osteoporosis, osteoarthritis, trauma-induced injuries, and osteochondral lesions may all be treated using bone tissue engineering (TE), which includes regenerative systems for articular cartilage, meniscal cartilage, ligament, and bone. In TE, human cells are seeded and attached to a scaffold in vitro. The scaffold creates a favorable microenvironment for the cells to multiply, migrate, and differentiate into a particular tissue type. Therefore, it is clear that the success of TE depends on how this scaffold is designed.

  • Frontotemporal Dementia - What Are The Therapeutic And Diagnostic Challenges?

    Frontotemporal Dementia - What Are The Therapeutic And Diagnostic Challenges?

    Frontotemporal dementia (FTD) is the third most prevalent form of dementia in contemporary culture. It is a serious public health concern. However, there are presently few medicines designed for FTD in clinical trials. Investment in tau therapies has historically lagged somewhat because attention has been focused on the proteotoxicity of other aggregated proteins such as amyloid-beta (Aβ) in Alzheimer's disease.

  • Metabolic Mechanisms Of Exercise - Its Effect On Induced Cardiac Remodeling

    Metabolic Mechanisms Of Exercise - Its Effect On Induced Cardiac Remodeling

    In this article, we talk about how the metabolic mechanisms of exercise affect the structure and function of the heart and how it controls how the heart changes. Exercise is good for the body's metabolism, improves mental health, builds and maintains muscle and skeletal function, and makes you live longer.

  • Cardiovascular Disease - The Effects And Benefits Of Exercise

    Cardiovascular Disease - The Effects And Benefits Of Exercise

    The greatest cause of illness and death globally is cardiovascular disease (CVD). Cardiovascular disease accounts for 600,000 fatalities (25%) in the United States each year, and after a steady drop over the previous five decades, its prevalence is rising again. We now know that a sedentary lifestyle, which is marked by low levels of physical activity that don't change, is one of the main risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) that leads to poor health.

  • Artificial Sweeteners – The Sweet And Bitter Truths

    Artificial Sweeteners – The Sweet And Bitter Truths

    Chocolates, desserts, pastries, sodas . . . who can resist? Sugar is a staple in many kinds of foods, but it can make people overweight and can cause different kinds of diseases. Will artificial sweeteners save the day, or can they cause some serious side effects, too?

  • Joint Attention - Response And Initiation As A Distinct Root Of Development In Autism?

    Joint Attention - Response And Initiation As A Distinct Root Of Development In Autism?

    In a typical development, joint attention, or coordinated attention between social partners to share interest in entities, objects, or events, starts to emerge at around three months of age and gradually grows until about eighteen months of age. Many different species can be seen paying attention together. Despite having a strong ontogenetic and phylogenetic foundation, it is not always apparent, especially in autistic children. In fact, autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a condition that is early predicted by decreased joint attention in infancy.

  • Medicinal Plants - Its Application As A COVID-19 Vaccine
  • Coronary Artery Aneurysms – Overview Of Diagnosis And Management

    Coronary Artery Aneurysms – Overview Of Diagnosis And Management

    Coronary artery aneurysms (CAAs) are rare and are defined as a localized dilatation of a coronary artery segment that is more than 1.5 times larger than neighboring normal segments.

  • Mitochondrial Dysfunction In Cancer – Overview Of Its Importance

    Mitochondrial Dysfunction In Cancer – Overview Of Its Importance

    Mechanistic knowledge of how mitochondrial dysfunction leads to cell proliferation and carcinogenesis is emerging as an area of study under-explored in terms of its therapeutic implications.

  • Inflammation - A New Look At The Role Of Aquaporins

    Inflammation - A New Look At The Role Of Aquaporins

    Scientists have always been interested in the inflammatory process and the complicated mechanisms that control it, especially the roles of the different parts. Inflammation is a complex process that involves how the body reacts to being hurt. Some of the things that can cause inflammatory tissue damage are trauma, heat, chemicals, toxins, and microbes.