Plagiarism, Duplicate Publication and Citation Manipulation


As in all things clarity and precision is required in order to allow the reader to make as unbiased assessment as possible of published work. This includes the citation of previous works, others work and precedents upon which the presented work is based.

Plagiarism is regarded as the misrepresentation of others ideas or expressions as one's own original work. Plagiarism has uncertain limits. Whilst plagiarism is not a crime it can involve liability for copyright infringement and may be considered a moral offence.

As with all morality these concepts are based upon the VoxPopulare which is currently trending and may change as society changes. Modern technology is now available to detect possible plagiarism which an author may use before submitting a manuscript. Detection software does not always differentiate paraphrasing (which may be acceptable) from plagiarism, it is in the interests of traditional publishing houses to deem all as plagiarism in order to protect their revenue through the guise of moral crusade.

OA Publishing
London feels adequate referencing is very important to ensure that manuscripts are not deemed to be plagiarised. The author(s) must take and undertake by the process of submission full liability for the manuscript they submit.

Duplicate Publication

The theory of "self-plagiarism" is self-contradictory or a misnomer, since plagiarism relates to the use of others' material. It is a concept promoted to enforce publishing house revenue rights which may be challenged by the actual author of the material they make profits upon. Self-plagiarism includes duplicate publication of an article or partitioning of one study into multiple publications i.e. salami-slicing or text recycling; and finally copyright infringement.

We must insist that submitting authors do not infringe copyright by duplicating material that is published in journals that may hold the copyright. Duplicate publication, multiple publications, or redundant publication refers to the author's act of publishing exactly the same intellectual material.

We advise submitting authors to ensure that the data set upon which their research relies has not been previously published and if so that it is referred to in the references. We appreciate and support occasions where a new facet of the analysis of previous databases may now originally contribute to scientific debate such examples have become manifests by technological innovations in statistical and neural network analysis of large databases.

Work apart from fair use may occasionally reworked and ethical self-plagiarism when either: it must be re-quoted to provide a groundwork for the new contribution of another work; where repetition is necessary to answer further evidence and comments; where the readership is demographically altered from the initial outlet that reissue is required to disseminate the work e.g. when OA Publishing London offers to back catalogue print journals to make them available for open access. We expect all work to be cited within the manuscript, even self-work.

Citation Manipulation

Manuscripts whose primary purpose appears to be to increase a given author's number of citation may incur citation manipulation sanctions.

Sanctions for plagiarism, duplicate publication and citation manipulation may include:
•Immediate rejection of the manuscript.
•Immediate rejection of every other manuscript submitted to any journal published by OA Publishing London by any of the authors of the manuscript.
•Prohibition against all of the authors for any new submissions to any journal published either individually or in combination with other authors of the manuscript, as well as in combination with any other authors.
•The prohibition shall continue for two years from notice of suspension.
•Prohibition against all of the authors from serving on the Editorial Board of any journal published by OA Publishing London.
•In the event that there are documented violations of these policies in any journal, regardless of whether or not the violations occurred in a journal published by OA Publishing London, the above sanctions will be applied.
•In cases where the violations of the above policies are found to be particularly severe, OA Publishing London reserves the right to impose additional sanctions beyond those described above.