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Sanpaku Eyes - What Are These And The Superstition Behind Them?

Sanpaku, in Japanese, means "three whites," a reference to the color scheme of traditional Japanese Kimonos. With Sanpaku eyes, the white part of the eye, called the sclera, can be seen from all three sides instead of just two.

The colorful component of the eye, the iris, is usually located in the center of the eye, protected by the upper and lower eyelids, with no scleral showing at the top or bottom.

When the sclera can be seen through the iris on both the left and right sides, however, it is seen as an indication of extreme neurological instability and a disruption in the normal rhythms between the brain, the body, and the soul.

According to the principles of Oriental medicine, the presence of Sanpaku eyes might be indicative of a variety of dysfunctions, both physiological and psychological.

What Is Sanpaku?

To break down an eye into its parts, the whites make up three of the four sections, thus the name "three whites" for sanpaku. When the white of someone's eye is seen above or below the iris, this condition is known as sanpaku.

That's not really noteworthy, and in most cases you wouldn't even notice it. However, Sanpaku is said to be a reliable predictor of the future in Japanese folklore.

In the 1960s, this belief exploded in the West because Japanese novelist George Osawa used the eyes of prominent Americans to prophesy their deaths (including Marilyn Monroe and John F. Kennedy).

Since then, Sanpaku's relationship to one's destiny has been the subject of much conjecture. If you subscribe to the myth, it depends on whether the whites of the eye are seen above or below.

A woman's face with the right blue eye focused.
A woman's face with the right blue eye focused.

Sanpaku Eyes Types

To simplify, sanpaku may be divided into two categories:

According to Japanese superstition, those who suffer from these diseases are more likely to be involved in violent acts.

Sanpaku Yang (Sanpaku Above)

Sanpaku eyes have the white of the eye, or sclera, protruding above the iris. Those unhinged and full of unrestrained anger, such as psychopaths, murderers, or serial killers, are said to exhibit yang sanpaku, a sign of mental instability.

Sanpaku Yin (Sanpaku Below)

We can see the white sclera of these sanpaku eyes under the iris. Substance abusers, alcoholics, and those who eat a lot of sugary foods and grains are said to have yin sanpaku, which represents a physical imbalance in the body.

Theory Behind Sanpaku Eyes

The book "You Are All Sanpaku" was written by Ohsawa and released in 1965. However, it wasn't until the 1990s that the topic gained widespread attention.

In the West, George Ohsawa is most known for popularizing macrobiotics and the term Sanpaku. He said people with this disease would benefit from eating more healthy grains, veggies, and dried fruits.

The rules were established out of concern for the health and safety of people with Sanpaku's eyes, who are thought to be more vulnerable to illness and deadly accidents.

As Brian Ashcraft described, Iris elevation and prominence of the lower eyelid are indicators of aging and illness. This suggests that the individual's mental or physical health is not optimal.

Causes Of Sanpaku Eyes

George Ohsawa, a Japanese thinker who spread the macrobiotics diet to the West and popularized the idea of yin-yang balance via eating a wide variety of complete foods, is primarily responsible for introducing the sanpaku concept to the West.

Ohsawa stole the idea of sanpaku from antiquated Asian diagnostic practices of interpreting facial traits. It was believed these features mirrored various states of one's bodily and spiritual well-being.

Ohsawa said that if you had three whites, you were "suspicious, afraid, insecure, easy to misunderstand, and passive," which he thought were all evil qualities.

Ohsawa was also prepared with examples, including John F. and Robert Kennedy, Hitler, Abraham Lincoln, and Marilyn Monroe, as famous personalities who exhibited sanpaku. This list of misfortunes, which now includes John Lennon and Elvis Presley, is the only reason why the character is well known.

Finally, Charles Manson had the feared "upper sanpaku," in which the white of the eye is visible above the iris, a condition regarded as indicative of a deadly psychopath. One can't argue that this group didn't have its share of public scandals, but it said it was open and didn't tell us anything about what they were.

Facial muscular tone decreases with age, causing the lower lid to droop and expose more white due to ectropion. Causes of exophthalmos, also known as proptosis, include Graves' illness, eye damage, and malignancy.

The so-called cooperative eye theory suggests that this is intentional. Many scientists believe that the appearance of human eyes evolved to facilitate communication.

A woman's face with open eyes
A woman's face with open eyes

Sanpaku Eyes Vs Typical Eyes

The pupil and iris are the colored parts of the eye, and the whites, or sclera, are what you see when you look at your own eyes in a mirror or reflection.

When you "roll" your eyes up and down or in a different direction, your iris and pupil move to accommodate the new visual angle. However, this is the typical appearance of the eyes.

Sanpaku eyes are those where the sclera is more readily seen. This may cause more of the whites of your eyes to show above or below your iris. The art of interpreting a person's emotions via their eyes is called "sanpaku eyes" in Japanese. One branch of physiognomy is face reading.

Character and personality traits are often attributed to a person's physical features, a process known as physiognomy. It is most often used for facial characteristics.

"Scleral show" is often used to describe Sanpaku eyes in Western medicine. Sanpaku eyes and scleral show refer to the same visual characteristic of the eye. However, depending on the context, they have entirely distinct connotations.

The scleral show can be caused by age, illness, injury, or a problem after blepharoplasty. Sanpaku eyes, on the other hand, are usually related to Japanese face reading or psychological meanings.

Superstition Behind Sanpaku Eyes

Superstitions like "Sanpaku eyes" are only one example of beliefs that aren't backed up by evidence; many individuals experience both good and terrible fortune every day regardless of the physical characteristics of their eyes.

A decent diet helps us live a healthy life, but it can't protect us from everything that may go wrong. The macrobiotic who recommended the diet said it would make its adherents less likely to be injured in accidents.

Even in its country of origin, Japan, this superstition is not taken seriously. In Japan, somebody with this quality is regarded as "very Kawaii" or exceedingly adorable.

Whether you want to check if you have Sanpaku eyes or not, you need to look dead ahead and observe if the iris meets the eye.

Stop crediting these ridiculous beliefs about having Sanpaku eyes and instead celebrate them as a unique and lovely part of your identity.

Top Ebooks You Would Like To Read About Sanpaku

This book introduced two new words into our vocabulary. The first, a well-known Japanese term, sanpaku, describes a condition in which the white of the eye can be seen between the pupil and the lower lid as the subject gazes directly forward. This, we quickly learn, connotes a grave state of physical and spiritual imbalance. The sanpaku is out of touch with himself, his body and the natural forces of the universe. Symptomatically, sanpaku can be recognized by chronic fatigue, low sexual vitality, poor instinctive reactions, bad humor, inability to sleep soundly and lack of precision in thought and action. Macrobiotics, our second term (and one which quickly became part of the English language) is the simple, natural means of correcting the dangerous sanpaku condition and creating a state of health, harmony and well-being, within and without.

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The Girl with the Sanpaku Eyes, Volume 1

Amane Mizuno is struggling with her social life. To her friends and family, she's a shy, diligent girl. But to her classmates, her face screams intense, mean and maybe stand-offish. So when Amane falls for her classmate Katou her whole world seems to get flustered and agitated.

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The Girl with the Sanpaku Eyes, Volume 2

If Amane was shy towards her classmates, imagine her in front of the entire student body as she stars in a live performance of the classic Japanese fairy tale - Momotaro! A special event like this requires special practice sessions. Karaoke and arcades are in store! She is going to have to perform (have fun) even if it kills her.

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The Girl with the Sanpaku Eyes, Volume 3

At long last, the class trip is finally getting underway. Amane's in a group together with her crush, Katou! Every hour together feels as short as a second, and the distance between them is just as small....

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The Girl with the Sanpaku Eyes, Volume 4

After a stressful first date, Amane has a lot on her mind... She and Kato are now a couple! And that means dates and new special memories...and a lot of doubt and anxiety. Still, her first love makes all of the uncertainty more than worthwhile!

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People Also Ask

How Do You Fix Sanpaku Eye?

A midface lift and a lateral canthopexy with spacer grafting are probably necessary for you. All these procedures are done simultaneously through a lower blepharoplasty incision so that the lower lid can be lifted, stabilized, and reshaped into a more almond-shaped position.

What Does It Mean If You Have White Under Your Eyes?

Eye inflammation or infection may cause a white, watery discharge from one or both of your eyes. In other circumstances, the accumulation of oil and mucus as you sleep may account for the discharge during sleep.

Are Sanpaku Eyes Good?

When the white of someone's eye is seen above or below the iris, this condition is known as sanpaku. That's not really noteworthy, and in most cases you wouldn't even notice it. However, Sanpaku is said to be a reliable predictor of the future in Japanese folklore.

What Does Having Sanpaku Eyes Mean?

One component of face reading is called "three whites," or sanpaku for short. You can see the whites (sclera) of your own eyes if you gaze into a mirror; they are visible on both the inside and outside of each eye. But if there's white around the pupil as well, it makes your eyes sanpaku, or "three whites."

Conclusion

The scleral show can be caused by age, illness, injury, or a problem after blepharoplasty. Sanpaku eyes, on the other hand, are usually related to Japanese face reading or psychological meanings.

Scleral occlusion, often known as Sanpaku eyes, is not a medical disease that indicates underlying difficulties or requires repair. However, you may want corrective medical intervention if your sclera is showing because of issues from blepharoplasty, trauma, or just the natural aging process.

Talk to an ophthalmologist for an assessment if you're considering "correcting" your Sanpaku eyes (scleral show) using medical procedures.

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