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Osteoarthritis Prevention - Several Ways To Obtain The Desired Results

The most prevalent kind of arthritis, also known as inflammation of the joints, is known as osteoarthritis (OA) (where the ends of two bones meet).

It is also called "wear and tear" arthritis or degenerative joint disease because it usually happens slowly over a person's lifetime as they age.

Even though osteoarthritis, often known as OA, is becoming increasingly common with age, it is not a necessary consequence of getting older.

In the United States, osteoarthritis affects more than 27 million people.

However, this figure is expected to significantly increase as baby boomers enter their later years.

In adults, osteoarthritis is one of the most common conditions that can lead to disability.

90% of people have some level of osteoarthritis in their weight-bearing joints (knees, hips, feet, and back) by the time they are 40 years old, but they may not experience any symptoms of the condition until they are much older.

As is abundantly clear, osteoarthritis is a severe medical disease.

Is there any way to stop it?

People would probably pay attention to what they needed to do if osteoarthritis prevention were possible, but do you think that they actually would?

Symptoms Of Osteoarthritis

Most of the time, osteoarthritis starts with mild symptoms that get worse over time.

The following are some of the signs and symptoms of osteoarthritis:

  • Pain: Joints that are affected may experience discomfort either during or after movement.
  • Stiffness: It's possible that you'll sense joint stiffness more when you first wake up or after you've been sedentary for a while.
  • Tenderness: When you apply a little bit of pressure to or around your joint, you can find that it becomes tender.
  • Loss of flexibility: There's a chance you won't be able to move your joint all the way through its range of motion.
  • Grating sensation: When you utilize the joint, you might experience a grating sensation, and you might also hear popping or crackling sounds.
  • Bone spurs: Around the joint that is being affected, these extra bits of bone can form, and they have the consistency of firm lumps.
  • Swelling: It's possible that this is due to inflammation in the soft tissues around the joint.

What is osteoarthritis?

Osteoarthritis Risk Factors

The following are some of the risk factors that have been linked to an increased likelihood of osteoarthritis:

  • Older age: The likelihood of developing osteoarthritis is proportional to one's age.
  • Sex: It is known that women have a higher risk of developing osteoarthritis, but the reason for this is unknown.
  • Obesity: Having excess body fat is a contributor to osteoarthritis in multiple ways, and the more fat you carry, the higher your risk of developing the condition. Weight gain puts additional strain on weight-bearing joints like your hips and knees. Adipose tissue also makes proteins that can cause inflammation around and inside your joints, which can hurt them.
  • Joint injuries: Osteoarthritis risk can be boosted by injuries such as those sustained in accidents or while participating in sports. Your risk of osteoarthritis can be increased even by wounds that seemed to heal years ago.
  • Repeated stress on the joint: If a joint is subjected to repetitive stress, such as through the performance of a job or participation in a sport, osteoarthritis may eventually develop in that joint.
  • Genetic Predisposition: There is a genetic predisposition in some individuals to develop osteoarthritis.
  • Bone deformities: Joint deformities and cartilage defects can be present at birth in some individuals.
  • Certain metabolic diseases: Diabetes mellitus and a condition in which your body contains an excessive amount of iron, are examples of these (hemochromatosis).

Primary Osteoarthritis And Secondary Osteoarthritis

There are two types of osteoarthritis: primary and secondary.

Both types of osteoarthritis result in cartilage breakdown; the distinction between the two types is in the underlying cause of this breakdown.

The most common kind of osteoarthritis is called "wear and tear" osteoarthritis, and it happens slowly over time for no known reason.

Women are affected by it more frequently than males, particularly after menopause.

The fingers, spine, hips, knees, and big toes are the most common areas of primary osteoarthritis to be affected.

On the other hand, secondary osteoarthritis has a particular etiology other than typical wear and tear.

Young people may develop secondary osteoarthritis if they engage in repetitive motions at work or play sports that use their joints frequently.

The following are some of the causes of secondary osteoarthritis:

  • Injuries, particularly those resulting from participation in sports
  • Obesity, which causes joints to wear out more quickly because it places additional weight on them
  • Inactivity in terms of the body
  • Joint conditions that are congenital, or present at birth, include conditions like congenital hip dysplasia.
  • Scoliosis
  • Hemophilia and other diseases that lead to bleeding in the joints are examples of this.
  • Joint degeneration can be caused by diseases like avascular necrosis that block blood flow to a joint.
  • Other inflammatory forms of arthritis, including rheumatoid arthritis and gout
  • Being a double-jointed person or having a condition known to increase joint laxity, such as "double-jointedness," involves abnormal bone or cartilage growth.
  • Paget's disease is a chronic disease that is characterized by the breakdown of bone tissue.

Understanding Osteoarthritis

How Is Osteoarthritis Diagnosed?

The diagnosis of osteoarthritis cannot be made based only on a single sign or test.

The diagnosis is based on your symptoms and medical history, as well as a physical exam, laboratory tests, and imaging studies.

Your doctor will look at your medical history and give you a physical exam to look for signs of osteoarthritis.

Some of these signs include:

  • Experiencing pain that is exacerbated by movement and relieved by inactivity
  • More than 45 years old
  • Short-lived morning aches and pains (less than 30 minutes)
  • Deformation and enlargement of the articular bones
  • Decreased mobility

On a physical exam for osteoarthritis, you might notice joint pain, joint swelling, crepitation (when joints crackle when you move), a change in your stride, or joint instability.

If your doctor has reason to suspect osteoarthritis, he may order additional diagnostic procedures.

While laboratory tests like a blood test won't assist in confirming a diagnosis of osteoarthritis, they can help rule out other conditions that could be causing your symptoms, such as inflammatory arthritis.

Imaging tests like X-rays, MRI scans, and ultrasounds are usually not needed to make a correct diagnosis.

However, they can reveal the full scope of damage to your cartilage, bones, and ligaments and help rule out other potential causes of your symptoms.

Prognosis Of Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis pain can make it hard to do simple things like going to the store, doing housework, working out, or even sleeping soundly.

Symptoms of osteoarthritis and inactivity have been linked to disturbed sleep.

In fact, sleep problems affect over 70% of those who have osteoarthritis.

People with osteoarthritis can have a wide range of symptoms, and the way the disease gets worse can vary from joint to joint.

Pain and disability from hip osteoarthritis tend to get worse over time, but pain and stiffness from finger osteoarthritis get better over time.

Prevention Of Osteoarthritis

The topic of osteoarthritis prevention has been extensively discussed a lot.

Adjusting key components of one's lifestyle can reduce one's risk of developing the condition.

In order to avoid developing osteoarthritis, you should follow these six simple guidelines.

Consider each of them and ask yourself if you are acting appropriately.

Maintain An Ideal Body Weight

Researchers have calculated that the stress applied to a walker's knee is between three and six times that person's body weight.

That's right: a 10-pound weight gain translates to a 30 to 60-pound increase in knee stress with every stride.

Three times one's own body weight is the maximum force that may be applied across the hip.

Joint tension can be decreased by losing weight.

Exercise Regularly

People should do at least 30 minutes of moderately intense exercise at least five times a week to keep their joints as healthy as possible.

It's common knowledge that maintaining a regular workout routine is good for your health.

Moderate exercise and sports are not linked to an increased risk of OA.

Research shows that even moderate exercise has health benefits.

In most cases, some form of physical activity is preferable to none at all.

Take Care Of Your Joints

To reduce wear and tear on joints and keep them functioning optimally, it's important to remember a few basic concepts.

The instructions are clear, but you have to pay attention to your body and respond to its signals (like pain) in the right way.

Protecting your joints is a critical part of avoiding osteoarthritis, so maintaining good posture and mechanics is crucial.

Joint Stress Should Be Reduced

Repetitive stress can lead to actions that feel unnatural or uncomfortable, overwork, bad posture, and tired muscles.

These signs and symptoms are frequently linked to doing certain types of work.

Heavy lifters, stair climbers, squatters, and crawlers may be at a greater risk of developing OA due to the nature of their work.

Those in the service industries (farming, firefighting, forestry, and mining) appear to be at a higher risk.

Avoid protracted periods of recurrent stress by working to find solutions in your current position.

A woman wearing an exercise attire sitting on a grass while doing an exercise routine
A woman wearing an exercise attire sitting on a grass while doing an exercise routine

Pay Attention To Your Pain

This advice may seem straightforward, but unfortunately, many people still ignore their discomfort.

It takes deliberate effort to learn to recognize pain as a sign that you are pushing yourself too hard and need to slow down.

Maintaining healthy joints requires a balance of rest and movement.

Part of self-management is realizing your own physical limitations and learning to avoid overuse injuries.

Think of the discomfort as a warning signal.

Avoid Joint Injuries

It is widely accepted that prior joint damage is a common cause of osteoarthritis.

When an injury causes a joint to be out of place, the cartilage wears away and osteoarthritis sets in.

Try to stay safe and get checked out right away if you do hurt a joint.

Eat Right

While no one diet has been definitively linked to a decreased risk of osteoarthritis or a less severe form of the disease, various nutrients have been linked to such benefits. These are some of them:

Omega-3 fatty acids: In contrast to bad fats, which can cause joint inflammation, these ones help to decrease it.

Fish oil and certain plant and nut oils, such as walnut, canola, soybean, flaxseed, linseed, and olive, are excellent providers of omega-3 fatty acids.

Vitamin D: According to a small number of trials, vitamin D supplements have been demonstrated to reduce knee discomfort in persons with osteoarthritis.

Sunlight causes your body to produce most of the vitamin D it requires.

Fatty fish, including salmon, mackerel, tuna, sardines, and herring; vitamin D-fortified milk and cereal; and eggs are all good sources of vitamin D.


While exercise is beneficial for building strong muscles and joints, excessive use of joints raises the risk of osteoarthritis. Having a good equilibrium is essential.

Take it easy if your aching or swollen joints require it.

If a joint is inflamed, resting it for 12 to 24 hours is recommended.

One way to reduce future OA risk in a damaged joint is to allow it to heal completely.

Furthermore, weariness can heighten discomfort for patients with OA. Maintain a regular sleep schedule and make sure to get enough sleep each night.

Maintain Blood Sugar Control

The Arthritis Foundation says that diabetes is one of the most important things that can lead to osteoarthritis.

Diabetes can cause inflammation, which can speed up the breakdown of cartilage, and high glucose levels can speed up the production of chemicals that make cartilage hard.

OA risk can be reduced by taking care of diabetes and keeping blood sugar levels in a healthy range.

People Also Ask

What Is The Best Prevention For Osteoarthritis?

By getting regular exercise, losing weight if you're overweight, wearing shoes with good arch support, and using other aids, you can lessen the stress on your joints as you go about your daily life.

Does Exercise Help In Osteoarthritis Prevention?

When it comes to helping people with osteoarthritis feel less pain and move around better, exercise is by far the best non-drug treatment.

Where Does Osteoarthritis Start?

The most prevalent type of arthritis is osteoarthritis (OA).

Degenerative joint disease, sometimes known as "wear and tear" arthritis, is another name for this condition. Common sites of occurrence include the hands, hips, and knees.

Osteoarthritis (OA) is caused by damage to the cartilage and bone beneath a joint's cushion.

Does Osteoarthritis Come On Suddenly?

The symptoms of osteoarthritis tend to worsen over time.

Although joint pain may appear out of nowhere, it is most often the result of gradual cartilage erosion between the joints.


Even though osteoarthritis has no known cure, there are various strategies to protect against the condition, lessen the impact it has on daily life, and otherwise deal with it.

Low-impact exercise, getting enough rest and sleep, eating well, and staying at a healthy weight are all easy ways to manage OA symptoms and keep living a healthy, fulfilling life.

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About The Authors

Suleman Shah

Suleman Shah - Suleman Shah is a researcher and freelance writer. As a researcher, he has worked with MNS University of Agriculture, Multan (Pakistan) and Texas A & M University (USA). He regularly writes science articles and blogs for science news website immersse.com and open access publishers OA Publishing London and Scientific Times. He loves to keep himself updated on scientific developments and convert these developments into everyday language to update the readers about the developments in the scientific era. His primary research focus is Plant sciences, and he contributed to this field by publishing his research in scientific journals and presenting his work at many Conferences. Shah graduated from the University of Agriculture Faisalabad (Pakistan) and started his professional carrier with Jaffer Agro Services and later with the Agriculture Department of the Government of Pakistan. His research interest compelled and attracted him to proceed with his carrier in Plant sciences research. So, he started his Ph.D. in Soil Science at MNS University of Agriculture Multan (Pakistan). Later, he started working as a visiting scholar with Texas A&M University (USA). Shah’s experience with big Open Excess publishers like Springers, Frontiers, MDPI, etc., testified to his belief in Open Access as a barrier-removing mechanism between researchers and the readers of their research. Shah believes that Open Access is revolutionizing the publication process and benefitting research in all fields.

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